Top 5 Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

October 5, 2021

Top 5 Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) Post Image

According to the CDC, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability in the United States. Approximately 2.8 million people in the United States are diagnosed with a TBI annually, and almost 60,000 people die every year due to a TBI.

What qualifies as a TBI? Any damage to the brain resulting from trauma is considered a traumatic brain injury. Mild TBI is often diagnosed when a concussion occurs (although multiple concussions may compound the trauma). People diagnosed with mild TBI often experience some symptoms but will recover completely after rest. People diagnosed with moderate and severe TBI will usually experience long-term symptoms and more permanent or severe brain damage.

TBI can have incredibly impactful consequences: in fact, a TBI disables six times as many people as spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, HIV/AIDS, and breast cancer combined. Currently, 5.3 million Americans need long-term care to perform basic activities in their day-to-day life because of a TBI. Diagnosing a TBI quickly and early can affect the severity of the impact of TBI in someone’s daily life. 

Unintentionally Struck by or Against an Object

Unintentionally being struck by or against an object is most common in children and young adults (up to the age of 24). Unintentionally being struck by or against an object likely occurs most often and sports or recreational activities. In fact, sports are the leading cause of TBI in teenagers – with equestrian sports acting as the greatest contributor to sports-related TBI.[1]


Assaults contribute to approximately 10% of all TBI diagnosis. The CDC found that in 2017, men had higher counts of TBI-related hospitalization due to assault than women (approximately 11,965 versus 2,625, respectively).[2] Men and women 25-54 had higher rates of hospitalization resulting in TBI diagnosis than any other age demographic.

Motor Vehicle Accidents

Automobile accidents account for a significant proportion of TBI-related hospitalization or death. In 2017, car crashed contributed to 24.5% of all TBI-related hospitalization. Over 50,000 adults in 2017 who were hospitalized due to a motor vehicle accident were diagnosed with a TBI. Adults ages 65 or older have a greater risk or injury or death in a motor vehicle crash.

TBIs in car accidents can occur when your head collides with a steering wheel, headrest, dashboard, or window (for example, when an airbag fails to deploy) or when an object in your vehicle becomes a violent projectile. Whiplash can also lead to a TBI depending on the speed and severity of the car accident – crashing into a stationary object like a tree or a concrete wall can oftentimes be ‘worse’ than crashing into something that moves, like a deer or another vehicle.


Unintentional Falls

Unintentional falls are the second most common form of injury contributing to a TBI-related death. In 2016 and 2017, unintentional falls contributed to 28% of all TBI-related deaths. Unintentional falls are also the leading cause of injury for TBI-related hospitalizations, which predominantly affects older demographics. An unintentional fall can also be caused by someone else’s negligence.

Over 80% of TBI-related emergency department visits involving older adults are caused by falls![3] Although TBI can affect anyone at any age, it is especially dangerous for adults 65 years or older. For older adults, falls are the leading cause of injury and injury death.

Contact a Brain Injury Attorney Today

Injuries to the brain affect everyone differently. If you have recently experienced TBI, or you believe you may have been misdiagnosed and are entitled to a TBI diagnosis, you should speak to an attorney. The attorneys at B|B Law Group have expertise in automobile accidents and personal injury and will answer your questions. Contact the B|B Law Group to schedule a consultation today!

Do I have a case?

Contact us today with the details of your case.

Contact us